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Biosynthetic: The Future and What You Need to Know

Biosynthetic or bio-based synthetics are an accurate replacement of the synthetics in the market in the new generation and a very popular opinion choice for sustainability marketers. Usually, the synthetics which are available in the market are essentially non-biodegradable and cause long-term damage to the environment and ecosystem. These usual synthetics are derived from fossil fuels and oil which also exhausts the natural resources available on the planet thus resulting in various ill effects on the atmosphere and land. 

However, biosynthetic too, do not promise accurate sustainability or complete biodegradability most of the time. These fibres are biosynthetically derived from plant products, algae, and many times living biodegradable organisms! They are made of renewable items and sources and promise recyclability to a great extent and absorb CO2 many times via crop products like sugarcane, corn, wheat, grass, etc. 

Using biosynthetic fabrics for products and services also increases the rubber nature or the stretchability quotient of the fabrics allowing many variations which could be done to them. Eg- Yoga stretcher pants and garments, rubber soles, etc. 

What is biosynthetic in fashion?

“It takes more than 2700 liters of fresh water to produce one cotton shirt which is enough for a person to drink for three years.” Considering the huge costs of manufacturing conventional fabrics, exploring alternatives for a sustainable future is important and evident in recent times. 

In-depth explorations and innovations with the use of the modern-day i8nterventions of technology which range from biotechnology to material technology and art textile manufacture with engineering and design have led to the innovations in biosynthetic textiles and fibres. Due to the new explorations and access to the fibres at a molecular level than before, scientists and researchers can modify the fibres in almost all ways to bring out the required characteristics. 

How do biosynthetic benefits the planet?

Many researchers believe that the planet is in the transition mode to switch from a more fossil fuel-based, synthetic community to an eco-friendly and bio-utilizing resourced ecosystem. Biosynthetic textiles could be helpful in envisioning a different and more eco-based future. Nature itself is restorative and self-inhibiting. The sustainable future that environmentalists dream of will not be a far-fetched reality soon. 

This biosynthetic future has a very high probability to tackle the waste problems of the textile and garment manufacturing industry. An example of a biosynthetic textile is the – “Biogarmentry by aghighi” which has the ability to photosynthesize. It resembles linen in its makeup and users have to keep its care as a plant to keep it alive. This accountability for various fabrics makes sure the users are giving back to nature in a way that increases their sense of responsibility as human beings. 

Which are some of the biosynthetic fibres?

A few of the Biosynthetic fibres are listed below 

  • POLY LACTIC ACIDE FIBRE – This fibre is a 100 per cent linear aliphatic acid chained fibre derived from plant products with features common to thermoplastic fibres. They have a smooth surface and low moisture regain. 
  • LACTRON FIBRE – Trade name for PLA fibre made in Kanebo, Japan. It has a silk-like lustre and resembles nylon and polyester in terms of physical appearance and texture. 
  • SOYBEAN PROTEIN FIBER – This is the only protein fibre derived from plant proteins and is a renewably sourced fabric fibre. It has a magnificent and noble appearance and can be used for easy-care clothing. 
  • CASEIN FIBER – White in colour, lustrous, and with long-lasting antibacterial effects, this fibre is produced from skimmed cow’s milk. These fabrics are soft and light with a pH similar to that of human skin and are mostly non-allergic and safe for sensitive skins. 
  • CHITIN AND CHITOSAN FIBER – Similar in properties that of rayon fibres, they become a great alternative as source material for stretchable fabrics. 

Is biosynthetic the future?

These lab-developed alternatives for the common synthetic fabrics we use in the era are a very monumental step for the progress of fashion and related industries in the coming future which demands anything but wastage of the already limited natural resources on the planet.  

This can also provide a more consumer-friendly approach to fashion by providing for their customized garments, variations, and eco-friendly choices to the consumers which can give a further boost to the industry. 

For sure, biosynthetic is the future of the fashion and garment manufacturing industries and the consumer market.

Photo by Alice Alinari on Unsplash